Occupational diseases compensated in the Tunisian public sector


Ghada Bahri
Najla Mechergui
Imen Youssef
Mariem Ben Rhouma
Imen Youssfi
Nizar Ladhari


Aim: Describe the epidemiological characteristics of occupational diseases (OD) recognized by the Central Medical Commission (CMC) of the first
ministry during the period from 2012 to 2019.

Methods: It was a descriptive and retrospective study covering all cases of diseases declared and recognized as occupational diseases by the CMC
of the first ministry in the public sector and their repair during the period from the first of January 2012 to December 31, 2019. Results: During the study
period, 294 OD were declared, of which, 213 were recognized by the CMC (72.4%). The average age of the population was 45.8 ± 10.9 years. A female
predominance was noted (61%). Most employees (56%) were part of the health sector. Tuberculosis was the most common occupational disease
(21.1%). Cancers were present in 5.6% of cases. In this series, 99 workers had a temporary total disability (TTD) (46.5%). A partial permanent disability
rate (PPD) was attributed to 20 victims of OD (9.4%) with an average rate of 29% and extremes ranging from 8% to 70%.

Conclusion: The OD recognized in the public sector seemed to be low. This encourages better information for workers on occupational risks and better
awareness of attending physicians to report the professional nature of PD.