Acanthamoeba keratitis. Report of 3cases diagnosed in central Tunisia.


Akila Fathallah
Narjess Ben Rayana
Leila Knani
Sondos Gaied Meksi
fatma Saghrouni
Mohamed Ghorbel
Fafani Ben Hadj Hamida
Moncef Ben Said


Background: Amoeba of the genus Acanthamoeba are ubiquitous free-living protozoa encountered in water and soil. They frequently cause sight-threatening keratitis.
Aim: report of the three first cases diagnosed at the laboratory of Parasitology of Sousse Hospital, (Tunisia).
Case report: Our study concern three lens-wearing female patients, aged 17, 20 and 29 years respectively. The patients originate from central Tunisia and presented with unilateral (2 cases) or bilateral (one case) keratitis. Diagnosis was made by demonstrating Acanthamoeba trophozoites and/or cysts on direct examination and/or culture (in agar - Escherichia coli medium) of contact lenses and/or lenses’ solution. Direct examination of corneal swabs was negative in three cases but culture was positive in one. The three patients were treated with hexamidine and neomycine eye-drops for three months.Treatment led to scarring of lesions with however sequellar opacities that was minor to moderate in two cases and consisted of a central leucoma with a poor visual outcome in the last case.
Conclusion: The need for systematic research of amoeba in lenses wearing patients with keratitis is emphasized.



Acanthamoeba, Keratitis, Lenses, Sousse, Tunisia



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