Side effects of meglumine antimoniate in cutaneous leishmaniasis: 15 cases


N.Ezzine Sebai
N Mrabet
A Khaled
F Zeglaoui
M Kharfi
B Fazaa
M.R Kamoun


Background : Leishmaniasis is wide spread parasitic disease considered to be endemic in 88 countries in both old and new world. The standard treatment remains Meglumine antimoniate.
Aim : We study the side effects of systemic meglumine antimoniate in cutaneous leishmaniasis.
Methods :We conduct a retrospective study covering 3-year period (2002- 2005). All medical reports of cutaneous leishmaniasis treated by systemic Meglumine antimoniate are reviewed.
Results : The study comprise 63 patients all treated by systemic meglumine antimoniate at the dose of 60mg/kg/day for 10-15 days. Side effects were noted in 15 cases (12 females and 3 males).The subject’s age range from 11 to 78 years. Stibio-intolerance (fever, rash, arthralgia, abdominal pain) was observed in 12 cases and stibiotoxicity in 3 cases: precordialgies 1 case, hyperamylasemia and increase liver enzyme: 1 case, pancytopenia, renal and hepatic failure leading to death: 1 case, skin eruption: 7 cases, pruritis and erythema in the site of injection: 5 cases, urticaria: 1 case. Meglumine  antimoniate was stopped in 13 cases
Conclusion : Meglumine antimoniate is the generally recommended treatment of cutaneous leishmaniasis. In spite of the rarity of Glucantime’s side effects, we recommend a careful survey especially in older patients.


Cutaneous Leishmaniasis, Side effects of meglumine antimoniate



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