La tunisie Medicale - 2021 ; Vol 99 ( n°05 ) : 525-530
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Summary

Abstract

Background. Stroke is a major complication of nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (AF). Despite its proven efficacy in stroke prevention, oral anticoagulation (OAC) is associated to a significant increase in bleeding complications. New techniques such as percutaneous left atrial appendage (LAA) closure were developed.
Aim: To evaluate immediate, mid- and long-term outcomes after percutaneous LAA closure in Tunisian patients presenting with nonvalvular AF.

Methods and Results. Nineteen patients with nonvalvular AF were prospectively enrolled for percutaneous LAA closure between February 2013 and June 2014. The Watchman device was used in all LAA closure procedures. Clinical and echocardiographic follow-up were carried-out at 1, 6, 12 months and six years in all patients. Mean age was 68.4 ± 7.5 years. Thirteen patients were female, 16 had hypertension, 12 had diabetes mellitus and seven had a history of stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA). Average CHA2DS2VASc (Congestive Heart Failure/Left Ventricular Dysfunction, Hypertension, Age≥75, Diabetes mellitus, Stroke/Transient Ischemic Attack/Thromboembolic event, Vascular disease,Age≥65, Sex category) score was 4.2 ± 1.5 and HAS-BLED (Hypertension, Abnormal renal/liver function, Stroke, Bleeding tendency, Labile INR, Age≥65, Drugs) score was 3.5 ± 1. Ten patients had a history of severe bleeding. Procedural success was achieved in all patients. Pericardial effusion with tamponade was reported in one case. No post-procedural death was reported. Regular follow-up at 1, 6 and12 months then every year up to 6 years reported no stroke, no thromboembolic event, no Watchman device thrombosis and three cases of death caused by a respiratory problem and cancers.

Conclusion. According to this study, LAA closure with Watchman device was safe and effective in preventing stroke in patients with nonvalvular AF and contra indication to OAC.

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Reference
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