La tunisie Medicale - 2022 ; Vol 100 ( n°05 ) : 390-395
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Introduction and aim : Multidrug resistance in bacteria has become a widespread scourge. The objective of this study is to investigate the epidemiology of multidrug-resistant bacteria (MDR) at Fattouma Bourguiba University Hospital of Monastir - Tunisia compared to the community and to define their antibiotic resistance profiles.
Methods: It was a retrospective and descriptive study over a period of 5 years (2016-2020) conducted at the microbiology department of Fattouma-Bourguiba University Hospital of Monastir - Tunisia. All MDR strains isolated from diagnostic microbiological samples collected from patients hospitalized in high-risk infectious departments and from outpatients were included in our study.
Results : A total of 4324 MDR among 16353 bacteria were isolated during the study period, i.e. a resistance rate of 26.4% with a predominance of hospital strains (80.3% versus 19.7% in the city). Third generation cephalosporin-resistant Enterobacteriaceae were the most prevalent and were mainly represented by extended-spectrum beta- lactamases (67.1% versus 83.4% in the community). Escherichia coli was the most frequent species (40.9%). It was frequently associated with resistance to fluoroquinolones (in more than 73% of cases). Imipenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii was mostly responsible for hospital acquired infections (77%). Co- resistances concerned most of the antibiotics but spared colistin. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infections were more frequent in the city (20.5% versus 19.3% in hospitals). Resistance associated was mainly to fusidic acid (49.6%). Glycopeptides have maintained their activity and only 2% were of decreased sensitivity to vancomycin.
Conclusion : The emergence of MDR always represents a public health challenge. Thus, hygiene measures associated with an optimization of antibiotic therapy are necessary for a better control of their diffusion.

Key - Words
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Tunisia treatment Child diagnosis surgery prognosis Children epidemiology Crohn’s disease Risk factors Breast cancer screening Cancer Ulcerative colitis obesity
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