La tunisie Medicale - 2019 ; Vol 97 ( n°010 ) : 1132-1138
[ 421 times seen ]
Summary

Background: From a religious point of view, Ramadan fasting (RF) is not mandatory during pregnancy. However, some pregnant women insist to
fast. Does this choice affect fetal development?
Aim: The objective of this general review was to determine the impact of RF on fetal development.
Methods: The search was conducted via the following databases PubMed, Scopus, Web of Sciences and Google Scholar from January 1st 2009
to December 31th 2018, using the following query: (« Ramadan « OR « Ramadan month « OR « fasting «) AND (« fetal development « OR « fetal
growth « OR « fetal programming «) AND (pregnanc* OR gestat* OR pregnant wom*n). Articles published in English or French were included,
and comparative studies on the impact of RF on fetal development in the group of pregnant women who fasted and the group who did not fast,
regardless of the stage of gestation.
Results:  Ten studies met the research criteria and all were case-control ones. Six studies were conducted in Turkey, two in Egypt, one in Iran and
one in Pakistan. The RF coincided with the summer period in 8 studies. An obstetrical ultrasound with Doppler was performed on 1390 pregnant
women at the beginning and end of Ramadan. Significant decreases in cephalic perimeter, biparietal diameter and femoral length were noted in a
single study. A change in the amniotic fluid index was observed in two studies.
Conclusion: The RF practiced by healthy pregnant women has no negative impact on fetal development.

Key - Words
Article
Login
E-mail :
Password :
Remember Me Forgot password? Sign UP
Archives
2019
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December
Keywords most used
treatment Child diagnosis surgery prognosis Tunisia Children Crohn’s disease Breast cancer Cancer screening epidemiology Ulcerative colitis mammography obesity
Newsletter
Sign up to receive our newsletter
E-mail :
Stay in Touch
Join Us! !